Quality Carpets & Flooring Nottingham
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If you want a competitive price on All Types Of Flooring Contact us Today!!
With many years of experience I can tell you that buying a floor-covering just from a showroom is a bad idea and the reason for this is that after choosing the colour and style of the carpet based on the samples from the showroom there is one important element they have not told you?, read below for the answer
Many years ago when I first started with Allied carpets as a carpet fitter the sales man would sell them a carpet, vinyl or any other type of flooring from the showroom and sometimes would even go around to the house to check measure the room but would never take the swatch with them to see how it would look in your own lighting?
So I would come along with the laminate, carpet or vinyl and lay out the flooring in the room and ask the customer “is this the right colour”? You would not believe the amount of times they said the colour looked different to how they remember it in the showroom and this is simply down to the lighting in the carpet showroom.
Our Mobile Service
This is why we like to come round with a selection of samples based on the initial telephone call and don’t worry this is a free no obligation quote, no double glazing type selling where you can’t get rid of me lol
Forget about searching all the retail stores and save time by calling an independent floorcovering specialist!
we have a large selection of samples to choose from,
which you can browse in the room that you will be going to have it fitted to see how it will go with your decor and lighting.
Every floorcovering we sell comes with full manufactures warranties and guarantees plus I have a years guarantee on every flooring we install.
Contact us today for a fast no hassle service!
With Lower Overheads Than The Retail Stores And With Over 20yrs Of Experience.
I can Give you a personal professional service at the fraction of the price of major retail stores.
All our carpets come with full manufacturers warrenties and our fitting service carries a full years guarantee.
If Your Looking For
- Quality Flooring
- Competative Prices
- Full Warrenties
- Fast Turn Around
- Free Estimates
- Over 20yrs Experience
- Home Sample Service
Contact Us Today For A Free Quote
Click Vinyl Flooring the Excellent Alternative to Laminate Flooring for the Home
Whether you’re decorating your kitchen, bathroom or living space, we have an extensive range of flooring and tiling to suit your home.
if you’re looking to re-lay a new hardwood floor, explore our range of oak effect laminate flooring or innovative engineered wood flooring. add a traditional touch with a solid wood floor or for splash-prone areas, try our water resistant luxury vinyl click flooring. looking for a surface that’s durable, but stylish? we have a great collection of classic and contemporary wall and floor tiles, and mosaic and border tiles. once you’ve chosen your design, discover our range of flooring and tiling accessories including underlay, flooring scotias, tile trims, tile grout and tools to complete your project.
At carpetflooringnottingham.co.uk we have the widest selection of carpets online from cheap carpets to high quality carpets as well as a wide range of flooring options for vinyl flooring, luxury vinyl tiles, wood flooring, laminate and even artificial grass. by purchasing our products in bulk, we are able to offer huge discounts and sell high quality flooring at such cheap prices – helping you transform your home for less.
whether you are looking to warm up your living room with an ultra-soft carpet or modernise your kitchen with super sleek laminate, with our extensive range of beautiful flooring and accessories to choose from, you’ll find the perfect style, comfort level and price (whether your looking for cheap vinyl flooring or luxury vinyl tiles) for you and your home. you can even order up to six free flooring samples so you can see the colour and quality in the light of your room – helping you to make the right choice for you.
we believe that our vat inclusive prices are the cheapest flooring prices on the market, but if we’re wrong and you find the same product cheaper, we’ll match the price and even knock 10% extra off!
Lay the perfect foundations when redecorating with the flooring and tiling range from homebase.
whether you’re creating a sleek style with wood throughout or simply upgrading the bathroom tiles, our range offers plenty of inspiration. we stock tiles , laminate flooring and wood flooring so you can find the perfect match for your taste and budget. achieve a rustic finish with traditional wood, choosing from classic oak and rich caramel tones. if you want a practical and stylish alternative, cost-savvy laminate is the one for you. lay down tiles in busy rooms, choosing from neutral, statement and everything in between. can’t make up your mind? we have plenty of flooring samples to help you decide. once you’ve chosen, pick up flooring edging and underlay and tape to finish the job like a pro.
hallway, lounge, kitchen and bedroom – find the right look for every room with our quality flooring and tiling.
Laminate flooring has long-been the go-to flooring choice in many homes. it’s suitable for a whole host of rooms and living spaces, including those where carpet isn’t recommended, like your kitchen. robust and hard-wearing, laminate flooring is durable and easy to clean, making it a fantastic choice for busy homes or those with children and pets.
at scs, our range of laminate includes realistic wood and stone options, at a fraction of the price of the real thing. our collection is split into bronze, silver, gold and platinum to help make your decision as easy as possible. to add some warmth to your laminated floor, view our range of small and large rugs which will add a decorative touch to your home.
for another popular solution for a versatile yet stylish floor, take a look at our luxury vinyl tiling collections. from welsh slate to forest oak, our lvt has got you covered. both online and in-store, our flooring specialists are happy to assist you in making your choice.
We stock a wide range of high-quality carpets, luxury vinyl tiles, wood and laminate flooring for residential properties, along with a selection of vinyl, wet and safety flooring for commercial applications. whether you are planning to renew the flooring in your home or you are renovating your business premises, county flooring has the products, knowledge and expertise to meet all of your needs with ease. call now to discuss your requirements or visit our showroom to check out our extensive collection of quality flooring in person.
From edging to underlay
you’ve decided on laminate flooring to give your floors a fresh new look. great choice; it’s hard wearing, easy to clean and comes in a variety of wood and stone effect designs that will give your floors a natural look without the expensive price tag. but there is still lots more to decide on. from sizing to finishes, edging to underlays, you’ve got a wealth of choices to wade through. so to help you make the right choice for your home, here is a quick rundown of what you need to know.
edging the design of the edges of your laminate planks may seem a rather subtle effect but it can make quite a difference to the overall look of your flooring. there are 3 options to consider. the first is no groove, which as the name suggests means there are no grooves between the planks. this is because the edges are squared off to create a completely smooth surface when the planks are locked together.
next is v-groove, where the long edges of the plank are bevelled, creating a v-shaped groove when the planks are clicked together. this produces a more natural finish to your floors. elka has a range of wood effect laminate that showcases just how effective v-groove technology is in mimicking the natural qualities of wood. the v-groove effect goes one step further with 4v-groove, where both the long and short edges of the planks are bevelled, bringing you even closer to that hardwood floor effect.
once again there are 3 options to explore: embossed, registered embossed and hand scraped.
embossed refers to laminate with a textured finish, which gives your flooring the feel of natural wood. one point to note however is that the texture of standard embossed laminate won’t precisely match the grain pattern printed on the laminate. that’s where registered embossed laminate comes in. once again it gives your laminate a textured surface but this time it is carefully designed to match the printed grain pattern.
balterio adds another level of realism with its 3d wood effect range, with registered embossed laminate that has varying gloss levels across a plank from mat to satin and silk. this further enhances the grain effect.
last but not least there is hand scraped laminate. the laminate is pressed to give the effect of wood having been scraped, which results in a distressed, aged look, ideal if want to create a rustic feel.
laminate comes in wide or narrow planks. wide planks should be avoided if the floor onto which it is laid is particularly uneven. on such surfaces narrow planks will fit together more easily and produce a smoother finish. if you don’t like the look of planks, you can choose laminate tiles, which are planks designed to look like tiles.
which room will your flooring be used in? if it’s the kitchen or bathroom, choosing laminate that is completely waterproof is the way to go. aqua-step was the first laminate supplier to produce 100% water resistant laminate and stocks a wide range of designs to choose from. you can always check out our floor suitability checker to see which rooms are best for laminate flooring.
whichever room your laminate is laid in, it is worth investing in acoustic underlay. this will considerably reduce noise levels from footfall. you can choose from different materials and thicknesses depending on how intensively used the room will be. kronoswiss has 4 options to choose from with differing levels of noise reduction. and there you have it, choices galore from edging to underlay. take your pick and create a look and feel perfect your home and it’s style.
The new floor on the block, has to be click vinyl flooring. being practical like luxury vinyl flooring, but easy to install like laminate flooring, makes this laminate hybrid, if you like, the perfect floor for any home. at flooring uk, we are finding we sell a lot of this product for kitchens and bathrooms as it is 100% waterproof flooring. the original luxury vinyl flooring, which is glued to the floor is still our best selling products, but the click vinyl floors offer a diy aspect as the stick down is more specialised fitting.
order free samples of click vinyl flooring from us, to see the quality and colour before you order.
Flooring & Tiling Tools
The benchmarx flooring range includes a great selection of materials, designs and finishes – including solid & engineered wood, laminate, and luxury vinyl.
this comprehensive range is manufactured to the highest quality standards by some of the best known branded suppliers in the market.
we also stock a wide range of flooring accessories including underlays, moisture barriers, pipe surrounds, threshold strips, fitting tools, adhesives and finishing trims. they complete our flooring collection so you can ensure your new floor is fitted and finished to the highest quality, using top grade materials.
take a look at our flooring range – upgrade your home today!
Planed Tongue & Grooved Flooring
Tongue & grooved chipboard
The Best Selection of Quality Flooring in Nottingham
Bringing comfort and style into a home, flooring is a crucial part of any interior design. a selection of high-quality and durable materials is available to suit a variety of decors and themes, including natural timber and manufactured wood that introduce an abundance of warmth and character for that organic and homely feel. there are also materials that offer a more affordable and low-maintenance alternative, and are also easy to clean thanks to the smooth, manmade properties – a great choice for busy households on a budget. pale-coloured flooring can be used to lighten a bold scheme or channel certain styles such as the scandinavian trend, while darker shades bring tonal contrast to a neutral theme. a vast selection of styles, colours and textures allows households to customise their look, from rich brown shades of timber planks to on-trend slate, marble and stone-effects that are carefully designed to replicate the look and feel of the real thing. there are also concrete-effect styles that provide an urban feel for those seeking an on-trend finish. many types of flooring are compatible with underfloor heating and some come with aquabloc for a waterproof choice designed for areas susceptible to high levels of moisture.
If you are looking for top quality carpets, beds or furniture at discounted prices in the nottingham area then look no further. long established the team at
credit crunch pride themselves on offering a friendly helpful service. we have an extensive range of carpets, vinyls, rugs, beds, mattresses and furniture to
suit all tastes and budgets.
our range of flooring includes carpets and vinyl flooring products and we can offer with fitting from just £6.99 per square yard
we are more than happy to offer helpful and independent advice on any aspect of our products, and no matter the size of the job, you can trust in us to provide
you with an exceptional standard of service no matter what. to speak to a member of our team, call in or give us a call today on 0115 9666000.
I love carpets me!
Wool – generally used for high-quality carpets, you’ll pay more for natural materials, but you’ll get a great looking floor covering that is made from sustainable fibre, is resilient and highly durable. it gets top marks for insulation, too – good for reducing heat loss and noise – and retains its appearance remarkably well. wool also feels beautiful and soft underfoot!
wool-mix – some consider a mix of 80% wool, 20% man-made fibres (such as polyamide or polyester), as the best combination for an all-purpose carpet.
polypropylene – this man-made carpet fibre is a popular choice, because it’s hardwearing and resistant to stains. it can be cleaned using a part-bleached cleaning solution, although always check with the manufacturer or retailer first. however, polypropylene is flammable and not self-extinguishing.
polyamide (also known as nylon) – available in a wider range of hues and vibrant clear colours that can’t be reproduced in wool. a good all-rounder for family homes, good-quality polyamide or nylon carpets come with built-in stain-resistant treatments and score high marks for wearability.
polyester – often used for textured or shag carpets. polyester is most like wool in appearance and feel, and is remarkably soft, durable and stain resistant. most often used as a blend, rather than on its own.
We are the number one provider of carpets in dorset and our priority is providing a quality carpet that you’ll love. if there are any products you have seen that aren’t on our site, don’t panic – it is more than likely that we’ll have these carpets on sale in store.
100s of carpets for you to view online. from luxury deep pile saxony carpets to natural wool berber carpets and cheap felt back carpets. our carpet price guarantee means you will always pay the cheapest price for your new carpet. if you are unsure on which carpet to choose we can post free carpet samples of any of the carpets displayed on the site.
remember all carpet prices include vat. whether you are looking for a cheap cord carpet or a luxury carpet or anything in between. we have the carpet for you!
Whether you call it lino, parquet or vinyl (did you know they are all different by the way?!) these flooring choices have loads of great features going for them. not only do they manage to effortlessly absorb noise, but they are stain-resistant and come in a huge range of styles, including stone, wood and slate.
grey vinyl flooring is all the rage at the moment, as well as patterned vinyl flooring and tile effect vinyl flooring, but there are literally hundreds of alternatives to choose from. whichever vinyl flooring look you are going for, we can help you find it! just head into your nearest frank’s store with your ideas, your pinterest boards or your samples, we guarantee it’ll be impossible to get a look you love for less than from us!
Carpet cleaners provide a deep clean to refresh your carpet and neutralise any lingering odours. using even the most powerful traditional vacuum cleaner isn’t going to remove all the hidden dirt and dust that lives deep within your carpets and rugs to leave them looking and smelling clean. because carpet cleaners use warm water and brushes to get deep into the fibres of the carpet, they are able to scrub out even the most stubborn dirt sand odours. you’ll be amazed at how dirty the water gets, even on the cleanest looking of carpets.
Bissell carpet cleaners clean deeply, thoroughly and extensively down into the fibres of your carpet or rug. stains and smells vanish, original colour returns and after a few minutes, you’ll start to see your carpet come back to life. they have carpet cleaners to treat spots and stains up to whole rooms and houses. karcher carpet cleaners provide hygienic cleaning for carpet, upholstery, mattresses, textile wall hangings and car seats. the kärcher carpet cleaners spray rm 519 detergent dissolved in water deep into fibres and then suck it back up along with dissolved dirt. grease, dirt and odours are effectively removed, ideally suited for allergy sufferers and households with pets.
Rug doctor carpet cleaners breathe new life into your carpets and upholstery with the rug doctor machine. vacuum cleaners can’t remove all the dust, grime and allergens lurking in your carpet. however, the rug doctor carpet cleaner has the power to reach even the deepest layers of your carpet to freshen your home. vax carpet cleaners clean your carpets many times better than a high-performance vacuum cleaner. together with the vax platinum solution, clean deep down and remove up to 93% of bacteria, leaving carpets looking clean and smelling fresh. handheld carpet cleaners are considerably less bulky and heavy than their upright counterparts, meaning you can store them easily, meaning you can whip them out quickly when you have a spill emergency!
Steam mops are versatile and perfect for cleaning any kind of flooring including laminates and sealed hardwood. they can also tackle tiles because they are able to clean grouted areas. all they use is water, which they turn to steam. vacuum cleaners are still the go-to appliance for cleaning your carpet and the henry hoover model is still a firm favourite.
I bet you can still remember the carpet from your mam’s when you were a kid. it’s the one you got wrong off your parents for leaving muddy footprints on and the one you lay on to watch dr who and blue peter.
do you need pet-friendly carpet, do you want to look bang up to date with a soft touch saxony carpet, or a long-lasting polypropylene? take a look at my handy little guide below, but if you want the best advice on getting the exact carpet you want, come and see frank’s the flooring store and we’ll look after you and your family.
We have over 20,000 rolls of carpet in-stock every single day (that’s over 3,000,000 square metres a year!) not to mention over 10,000 remnants ready to pick up seven days a week – so we know we’ll have something you’ll love. got a strange-sized room? no bother, we haven’t found a room in the north east that’s beaten us yet – we’ve even got 5 metre rolls for those properly awkward spaces. see you in-store soon to pick your perfect new carpet.
At tapi, carpets are our thing. woven, twist, saxony, grey, blue, brown, patterned or striped, you name it, we do it! we believe a quality carpet transforms your house into a home; whether it’s wall to wall or just the hall, there’s nothing more comforting than a wonderful carpet to come home to. as well as luxurious textural detail, carpet provides sound and warmth insulation. find a carpet you adore below, we stock an extensive range of styles, colours and designs.
CARPETS & UNDERLAY BUYING GUIDE
1 visit a carpet retailer
sometimes you can’t beat seeing a product with your own eyes before buying it. when we surveyed more than 2,000 carpet owners* an overwhelming majority said that they visited a store to do research and narrow down their carpet choices.
one carpet owner’s advice was: ‘you need to be able to see a reasonable amount of the carpet on a roll to get an idea of what it would look like in a large area.’
2 get carpet samples
if you’ve narrowed down the colour and type of carpet you want, get some samples so that you can get a feel for the different options and see how they look in the lighting conditions in your home.
you can ask for these when visiting your carpet retailer or can order them online to be sent to you. whichever route you choose, don’t rely on how carpet looks in pictures or even in the store.
What seems like the perfect shade underneath bright overhead strip lights can become an entirely different colour in your bedroom where you only use muted lamp light, so you’ll need to take the swatches home and look at them at different times of day, to confirm your final decision.
some carpet owners told us that borrowing samples was also helpful because it gave them a chance to walk on them to see how they would feel underfoot.
3 choose an underlay
underlay helps carpet sit properly and wear evenly, and makes sure that it lasts as long as it can. it can also improve the way the carpet feels when you walk on it and increase heat and sound insulation.
underlay wears out over time, so you should replace it every time you buy a new carpet. remember to factor this into your costs.
the retailer is likely to recommend a particular underlay, but if you’re keen to cut costs you may find you can get cheaper options elsewhere.
if you’re considering laying underfloor heating beneath your carpet, your choice of underlay will be crucial. the tog rating of the carpet and underlay combined needs to be low enough to allow the heating to work effectively. consult your underfloor heating supplier or carpet retailer for more advice.
4 work out the price of your carpet
the most important factor to remember when working out carpet costs is that you have to buy the carpet in set widths, so there can be a lot of wastage.
carpets are mostly sold in rolls that are 4 metres or 5 metres wide, and a section will be cut from the roll to match the length of your room. the carpet fitter will trim away any excess from the width, but you’ll still have to pay for this unused carpet. read our tips for using these offcuts.
if you know the measurements of your room, use our carpet calculator to get an initial cost estimate. (this does not include fitting costs or any extras.)
5 get an estimate
the next step is for a surveyor from your chosen retailer to visit your property, take accurate measurements and give you a full estimate of the costs. this will usually be a free, no-obligation appointment, but check the small print before you book.
if you haven’t yet ordered samples, ask the surveyor to bring some. they may be able to bring larger samples so you can get an even better idea of how the carpet will look.
the surveyor should advise on any extras that you’ll need to pay for, such as:
Removing and disposing of old carpet or other flooring
gripper rods (to hold the carpet in place) and door trims
ask for an itemised quote of all the costs so you can see exactly what you’ll be paying for. this can also help you see where you could save some cash.
6 order your carpet
make sure you’ve got your estimate to hand when you order your carpet, to help you keep the budget on track.
discuss the quote with the retailer to make sure you have everything you need, and that you’re not paying for services you don’t want.
you’ll probably have to pay for the carpet and underlay up front, and pay separately for fitting costs when the carpet is laid, but check the payment arrangements with the retailer so you don’t get any nasty surprises.
7 get your carpet fitted
when you book your carpet fitter, check the services they offer and any extra costs involved. you might have to pay the fitter in cash, so make sure you have the right amount on the day.
if you need to find your own carpet fitter, read our advice on how to hire a carpet fitter.
you can search which? trusted traders free of charge to find a reliable carpet fitter you can trust. all which? trusted traders go through a rigorous assessment process that includes credit and customer reference checks, as well as a visit from a qualified assessor.
“if within 30 days of buying a carpet from j&w carpets, you find the same carpet available at a lower price, even any sale or special offer price, from any other retail warehouse or shop anywhere in scotland then we will refund double the difference.”
A carpet is a textile floor covering typically consisting of an upper layer of pile attached to a backing. the pile was traditionally made from wool, but since the 20th century, synthetic fibers such as polypropylene , nylon or polyester are often used, as these fibers are less expensive than wool. the pile usually consists of twisted tufts which are typically heat-treated to maintain their structure. the term carpet is often used interchangeably with the term rug, although rugs are typically considered to be smaller than a room and not attached to the floor.
Carpets are used for a variety of purposes, including insulating a person’s feet from a cold tile or concrete floor, making a room more comfortable as a place to sit on the floor (e.g., when playing with children or as a prayer rug ), reducing sound from walking (particularly in apartment buildings ) and adding decoration or colour to a room. carpets can be made in any colour by using differently dyed fibers. carpets can have many different types of patterns and motifs used to decorate the surface. in the 2000s, carpets are used in industrial and commercial establishments such as retail stores and hotels and in private homes. in the 2010s, a huge range of carpets and rugs are available at many price and quality levels, ranging from inexpensive, synthetic carpets that are mass-produced in factories and used in commercial buildings to costly hand-knotted wool rugs which are used in private homes of wealthy families.
carpets can be produced on a loom quite similar to woven fabric , made using needle felts , knotted by hand (in oriental rugs ), made with their pile injected into a backing material (called tufting), flatwoven, made by hooking wool or cotton through the meshes of a sturdy fabric or embroidered. carpet is commonly made in widths of 12 feet (3.7 m) and 15 feet (4.6 m) in the us, 4 m and 5 m in europe. since the 19th and 20th century, where necessary for wall-to-wall carpet, different widths of carpet can be seamed together with a seaming iron and seam tape (formerly it was sewn together) and fixed to a floor over a cushioned underlay (pad) using nails, tack strips (known in the uk as gripper rods), adhesives, or occasionally decorative metal stair rods. wall-to-wall carpet is distinguished from rugs or mats , which are loose-laid floor coverings, as wall-to-wall carpet is fixed to the floor and covers a much larger area.
the goodweave labelling scheme used throughout europe and north america assures that child labour has not been used: importers pay for the labels, and the revenue collected is used to monitor centres of production and educate previously exploited children.
the term carpet comes from old french carpite. one derivation of the term states that the french term came from the old italian carpita, from the verb “carpire” meaning to pluck. the online etymology dictionary states that the term “carpet” was first used in english in the late 13th century, with the meaning “coarse cloth”, and by the mid-14th century, “tablecloth, [or] bedspread”. the online etymology dictionary states that the term comes “…from old french carpite “heavy decorated cloth, carpet,” from medieval latin or old italian carpita “thick woolen cloth,” probably from latin carpere “to card, pluck,” probably so called because it was made from unraveled, shred[d]ed, “plucked” fabric”. the meaning of the term “carpet” shifted in the 15th century to refer to floor coverings.
the term “carpet” is often used interchangeably with the term “rug”. some sources define a carpet as stretching from wall to wall. another definition treats rugs as of lower quality or of smaller size, with carpets quite often having finished ends. a third common definition is that a carpet is permanently fixed in place while a rug is simply laid out on the floor. historically, the term “carpet” was also applied to table and wall coverings, as carpets were not commonly used on the floor in european interiors until the 15th century.
the term “rug” was first used in english in the 1550s, with the meaning “coarse fabric”. the term is of “…scandinavian origin; compare norwegian dialectal rugga “coarse coverlet,” from old norse rogg “shaggy tuft,” from proto-germanic *rawwa-, perhaps related to rag (n.) and rough (adj.).” the meaning of “rug” “…evolved to “coverlet, wrap” (1590s), then “mat for the floor” (1808)”.
woven[ edit ]
the carpet is produced on a loom quite similar to woven fabric. the pile can be plush or berber. plush carpet is a cut pile and berber carpet is a loop pile. there are new styles of carpet combining the two styles called cut and loop carpeting. normally many colored yarns are used and this process is capable of producing intricate patterns from predetermined designs (although some limitations apply to certain weaving methods with regard to accuracy of pattern within the carpet). these carpets are usually the most expensive due to the relatively slow speed of the manufacturing process. these are very famous in iran, india, pakistan, and arabia.
on a knotted pile carpet (formally, a “supplementary weft cut-loop pile” carpet), the structural weft threads alternate with a supplementary weft that rises at right angles to the surface of the weave. this supplementary weft is attached to the warp by one of three knot types (see below), such as shag carpet which was popular in the 1970s, to form the pile or nap of the carpet. knotting by hand is most prevalent in oriental rugs and carpets. kashmir carpets are also hand-knotted. pile carpets, like flat carpets, can be woven on a loom. both vertical and horizontal looms have been used in the production of european and oriental carpets. the warp threads are set up on the frame of the loom before weaving begins. a number of weavers may work together on the same carpet. a row of knots is completed and cut. the knots are secured with (usually one to four) rows of weft. the warp in woven carpet is usually cotton and the weft is jute.[ citation needed ]
there are several styles of knotting, but the two main types of knot are the symmetrical (also called turkish or ghiordes ) and asymmetrical (also called persian or senna ). contemporary centres of knotted carpet production are: lahore and peshawar ( pakistan ), kashmir ( india ), mirzapur and bhadohi ( india ), tabriz ( iran ), afghanistan , armenia , azerbaijan , turkey , northern africa , nepal , spain , turkmenistan , and tibet. the importance of carpets in the culture of turkmenistan is such that the national flag features a vertical red stripe near the hoist side, containing five carpet guls (designs used in producing rugs). kashmir is known for handknotted carpets of silk or wool. the goodweave labelling scheme used throughout europe and north america assures that child labour has not been used: importers pay for the labels, and the revenue collected is used to monitor centres of production and educate previously exploited children.
these are carpets that have their pile injected into a backing material, which is itself then bonded to a secondary backing made of a woven hessian weave or a man made alternative to provide stability. the pile is often sheared in order to achieve different textures. this is the most common method of manufacturing of domestic carpets for floor covering purposes in the world.
others[ edit ]
a flatweave carpet is created by interlocking warp (vertical) and weft (horizontal) threads. types of oriental flatwoven carpet include kilim , soumak , plain weave , and tapestry weave. types of european flatwoven carpets include venetian, dutch, damask , list, haircloth , and ingrain (aka double cloth, two-ply, triple cloth, or three-ply).
a hooked rug is a simple type of rug handmade by pulling strips of cloth such as wool or cotton through the meshes of a sturdy fabric such as burlap. this type of rug is now generally made as a handicraft. the process of creating a hooked rug is called rug hooking
unlike woven carpets, embroidery carpets’ are not formed on a loom. their pattern is established by the application of stitches to a cloth (often linen ) base. the tent stitch and the cross stitch are two of the most common. embroidered carpets were traditionally made by royal and aristocratic women in the home, but there has been some commercial manufacture since steel needles were introduced (earlier needles were made of bone) and linen weaving improved in the 16th century. mary, queen of scots , is known to have been an avid embroiderer. 16th century designs usually involve scrolling vines and regional flowers (for example, the bradford carpet ). they often incorporate animal heraldry and the coat of arms of the maker. production continued through the 19th century. victorian embroidered carpet compositions include highly illusionistic, 3-dimensional flowers. patterns for tiled carpets made of a number of squares, called berlin wool work , were introduced in germany in 1804, and became extremely popular in england in the 1830s. embroidered carpets can also include other features such as a pattern of shapes, or they can even tell a story.
fibres and yarns[ edit ]
carpet can be formulated from many single or blended natural and synthetic fibres. fibres are chosen for durability, appearance, ease of manufacture, and cost. in terms of scale of production, the dominant yarn constructions are polyamides (nylons) and polypropylene with an estimated 90% of the commercial market.
nylon[ edit ]
since the 20th century, nylon is one of the most common materials for the construction of carpets. both nylon 6 and nylon 6-6 are used. nylon can be dyed topically or dyed in a molten state (solution dying). nylon can be printed easily and has excellent wear characteristics. due to nylon’s excellent wear-resistance, it is widely used in industrial and commercial carpeting. in carpets, nylon tends to stain easily because of the dye sites which exist on the fibre. these dye sites need to be filled in order to give nylon carpet any type of stain resistance. as nylon is petroleum-based it varies in price with the price of oil.
polypropylene[ edit ]
polypropylene , a polyolefin stiffer than the cheaper polyethylene , is used to produce carpet yarns because it is still less expensive than the other materials used for carpets. it is difficult to dye and does not wear as well as wool or nylon. polypropylene, sometimes referred to simply as “olefin”, is commonly used to construct berber carpets. large looped olefin berber carpets are usually only suited for light domestic use and tend to mat down quickly. berber carpets with smaller loops tend to be more resilient and retain their new appearance longer than large looped berber styles. commercial grade level-loop carpets have very small loops, and commercial grade cut-pile styles can be well constructed. when made with polypropylene, commercial grade styles wear very well, making them very suitable for areas with heavy foot traffic such as offices. polypropylene carpets are known to have good stain resistance, but not against oil- based agents. if a stain does set, it can be difficult to clean. commercial grade carpets can be glued directly to the floor or installed over a 1/4″ thick, 8-pound density padding. outdoor grass carpets are usually made from polypropylene.
wool and wool-blends[ edit ]
polyester[ edit ]
the polyester known as “pet” ( polyethylene terephthalate ) is used in carpet manufacturing in both spun and filament constructions. after the price of raw materials for many types of carpet rose in the early 2000s, polyester became more competitive. polyester has good physical properties and is inherently stain-resistant because it is hydrophobic, and, unlike nylon, does not have dye sites. colour is infused in a molten state (solution dyeing). polyester has the disadvantage that it tends to crush or mat down easily. it is typically used in mid- to low-priced carpeting.
another polyester, “ptt” ( polytrimethylene terephthalate ), also called sorona or 3gt (dupont) or corterra (shell), is a variant of pet. lurgi zimmer ptt was first patented in 1941, but it was not produced until the 1990s, when shell chemicals developed the low-cost method of producing high-quality 1,3 propanediol (pdo), the starting raw material for ptt corterra polymers. dupont subsequently commercialized a biological process for making 1,3-propanediol from corn syrup , imparting significant renewable content on the corresponding sorona polyester carpet fibers. these carpet fibers have resiliency comparable to nylon.
acrylic[ edit ]
acrylic is a synthetic material first created by the dupont corporation in 1941 but has gone through various changes since it was first introduced. in the past, acrylic carpet used to fuzz or “pill” easily. this happened when the fibres degraded over time and short strands broke away with contact or friction. over the years, new types of acrylics have been developed to alleviate some of these problems, although the issues have not been completely removed. acrylic is fairly difficult to dye but is colourfast, washable, and has the feel and appearance of wool, making it a good rug fabric.
the knotted pile carpet probably originated in the caspian sea area (northern iran) or the armenian highland. although there is evidence of goats and sheep being sheared for wool and hair which was spun and woven as far back at the 7th millennium, the earliest surviving pile carpet is the “pazyryk carpet”, which dates from the 5th-4th century bc. it was excavated by sergei ivanovich rudenko in 1949 from a pazyryk burial mound in the altai mountains in siberia. this richly coloured carpet is 200 x 183 cm (6’6″ x 6’0″) and framed by a border of griffins.
although claimed by many cultures, this square tufted carpet, almost perfectly intact, is considered by many experts to be of caucasian, specifically armenian, origin. the rug is woven using the armenian double knot, and the red filaments’ color was made from armenian cochineal. the eminent authority of ancient carpets, ulrich schurmann, says of it, “from all the evidence available i am convinced that the pazyryk rug was a funeral accessory and most likely a masterpiece of armenian workmanship”. gantzhorn concurs with this thesis. at the ruins of persepolis in iran where various nations are depicted as bearing tribute, the horse design from the pazyryk carpet is the same as the relief depicting part of the armenian delegation. the historian herodotus writing in the 5th century bc also informs us that the inhabitants of the caucasus wove beautiful rugs with brilliant colors which would never fade.
main article: afghan rug
there has recently been a surge in demand for afghan carpets, although many afghan carpet manufacturers market their products under the name of a different country. the carpets are made in afghanistan, as well as by afghan refugees who reside in pakistan and iran. famous afghan rugs include the shindand or adraskan (named after local afghan villages), woven in the herat area in western afghanistan.
afghan carpets are commonly known as afghan rugs. afghan carpets are a unique and well recognized handmade material design that originates from afghanistan. they often exhibit intricate detailing, mainly using traditional tribal designs originating from the turkmen, kazakh, baloch, and uzbeks. the hand-made rugs come in many patterns and colors, yet the traditional and most common example of afghan carpet is the octagon-shaped elephant-foot (bukhara). the rugs with this print are most commonly red in color. many dyes, such as vegetable dyes , are used to impart rich color.
main article: armenian carpet
the historian herodotus writing in the 5th century bc also informs us that the inhabitants of the caucasus wove beautiful rugs with brilliant colors which would never fade. various rug fragments have been excavated in armenia dating back to the 7th century bc or earlier. the oldest, single, surviving knotted carpet in existence is the pazyryk carpet, excavated from a frozen tomb in siberia, dated from the 5th to the 3rd century bc, now in the hermitage museum in st. petersburg. this square tufted carpet, almost perfectly intact, is considered by many experts to be of caucasian, specifically armenian, origin. the eminent authority of ancient carpets, ulrich schurmann, says of it, “from all the evidence available i am convinced that the pazyryk rug was a funeral accessory and most likely a masterpiece of armenian workmanship”. gantzhorn concurs with this thesis. at the ruins of persepolis in iran where various nations are depicted as bearing tribute, the horse design from the pazyryk carpet is the same as the relief depicting part of the armenian delegation. armenian carpets were renowned by foreigners who travelled to artsakh; the arab geographer and historian al-masudi noted that, among other works of art, he had never seen such carpets elsewhere in his life.
art historian hravard hakobyan notes that “artsakh carpets occupy a special place in the history of armenian carpet-making.” common themes and patterns found on armenian carpets were the depiction of dragons and eagles. they were diverse in style, rich in colour and ornamental motifs, and were even separated in categories depending on what sort of animals were depicted on them, such as artsvagorgs (eagle-carpets), vishapagorgs (dragon-carpets) and otsagorgs (serpent-carpets). the rug mentioned in the kaptavan inscriptions is composed of three arches, “covered with vegatative ornaments”, and bears an artistic resemblance to the illuminated manuscripts produced in artsakh.
the art of carpet weaving was in addition intimately connected to the making of curtains as evidenced in a passage by kirakos gandzaketsi , a 13th-century armenian historian from artsakh, who praised arzu-khatun, the wife of regional prince vakhtang khachenatsi, and her daughters for their expertise and skill in weaving.
main article: azerbaijani rug
the gultapin excavations discovered several carpet weaving tools which date back to the 4th-3rd millennium bc. according to iranica online “the main weaving zone was in the eastern transcaucasus south of the mountains that bisect the region diagonally, the area now comprised in the azerbaijan ssr; it is the homeland of a turkic population known today as azeri. other ethnic groups also practiced weaving, some of them in other parts of the caucasus, but they were of lesser importance.” azerbaijan was one of the most important centers of carpet weaving and as a result of that, several different schools have evolved. while traditionally schools are divided into four main branches, each region has its own version of the carpets. the schools are divided into four main branches: kuba-shirvan, ganja-kazakh carpet-weaving school, the baku carpet school, karabakh school of carpet weaving. carpet weaving is a family tradition in azerbaijan which is transferred verbally and with practicing and also associated with the daily life and customs of its people. a variety of carpet and rug types are made in azerbaijan such as silk, wool, gold and silver threads, pile and pileless carpets, as well as, kilim, sumakh, zili, verni, mafrashi and khurjun. in 2010, traditional art of azerbaijani carpet weaving was added to the representative list of the intangible cultural heritage of humanity of unesco.
see also: oriental rug
as opposed to most antique rug manufactory practices, chinese carpets were woven almost exclusively for internal consumption. china has a long history of exporting traditional goods; however, it was not until the first half of the 19th century that the chinese began to export their rugs. once in contact with western influences, there was a large change in production: chinese manufactories began to produce art-deco rugs with commercial look and price point. the centuries-old chinese textile industry is rich in history. while most antique carpets are classified according to a specific region or manufactory, scholars attribute the age of any specific chinese rug to the ruling emperor of the time. the earliest surviving examples of the craft were produced during the time of ch’ung chen , the last emperor of the chen dynasty.
india[ edit ]
carpet weaving may have been introduced into the area as far back as the eleventh century with the coming of the first muslim conquerors, the ghaznavids and the ghauris , from the west. it can with more certainty be traced to the beginning of the mughal dynasty in the early sixteenth century, when the last successor of timur, babar, extended his rule from kabul to india to found the mughal empire. under the patronage of the mughals, indian craftsmen adopted persian techniques and designs. carpets woven in the punjab made use of motifs and decorative styles found in mughal architecture.
akbar , a mogul emperor, is accredited to introducing the art of carpet weaving to india during his reign. the mughal emperors patronized persian carpets for their royal courts and palaces. during this period, he brought persian craftsmen from their homeland and established them in india. initially, the carpets woven showed the classic persian style of fine knotting. gradually it blended with indian art. thus the carpets produced became typical of the indian origin and gradually the industry began to diversify and spread all over the subcontinent. during the mughal period, the carpets made on the indian subcontinent became so famous that demand for them spread abroad. these carpets had distinctive designs and boasted a high density of knots. carpets made for the mughal emperors, including jahangir and shah jahan, were of the finest quality. under shah jahan’s reign, mughal carpet weaving took on a new aesthetic and entered its classical phase.[ citation needed ] indian carpets are well known for their designs with attention to detail and presentation of realistic attributes. the carpet industry in india flourished more in its northern part with major centres found in kashmir, jaipur, agra and bhadohi.
indian carpets are known for their high density of knotting. hand-knotted carpets are a speciality and widely in demand in the west. the carpet industry in india has been successful in establishing social business models that help underprivileged sections of the society. notable examples of social entrepreneurship ventures are jaipur rugs , fabindia.
another category of indian rugs which, though quite popular in most of the western countries, have not received much press, is hand-woven rugs of khairabad (citapore rugs).[ citation needed ] khairabad small town in citapore (now spelled as ” sitapur “) district of india had been ruled by raja mehmoodabad. khairabad (mehmoodabad estate) was part of oudh province which had been ruled by shi’i muslims having persian linkages. citapore rugs made in khairabad and neighbouring areas are all hand-woven and distinct from tufted and knotted rugs. flat weave is the basic weaving technique of citapore rugs and generally cotton is the main weaving material here but jute, rayon and chenille are also popular. ikea and agocha have been major buyers of rugs from this area.
main article: pakistani rug
the art of weaving developed in south asia at a time when few other civilizations employed it. excavations at harappa and mohenjo-daro – ancient cities of the indus valley civilization – have established that the inhabitants used spindles and spun a wide variety of weaving materials. some historians consider that the indus valley civilization first developed the use of woven textiles. as of the late 1990s, hand-knotted carpets were among pakistan’s leading export products and their manufacture is the second largest cottage and small industry. pakistani craftsmen have the capacity to produce any type of carpet using all the popular motifs of gulls, medallions, paisleys, traceries, and geometric designs in various combinations. at the time of independence, manufacturing of carpets was set up in sangla hill , a small town of district sheikhupura. chaudary mukhtar ahmad member son of maher ganda introduced and taught this art to locals and immigrants. he is considered founder of this industry in pakistan. sangla hill is now a focal point in carpet industry in pakistan. almost all the exporters and manufacturers who are running their business at lahore, faisalabad and karachi have their area offices in sangla hill.
the persian carpet is a part of persian (iranian) art and culture. carpet- weaving in persia dates back to the bronze age. the earliest surviving corpus of persian carpets come from the safavid dynasty (1501–1736) in the 16th century. however, painted depictions prove a longer history of production. there is much variety among classical persian carpets of the 16th and 17th century. common motifs include scrolling vine networks, arabesques , palmettes , cloud bands , medallions, and overlapping geometric compartments rather than animals and humans.[ citation needed ] this is because islam , the dominant religion in that part of the world, forbids their depiction.[ citation needed ] still, some show figures engaged either in the hunt or feasting scenes. the majority of these carpets are wool, but several silk examples produced in kashan survive.
iran is also the world’s largest producer and exporter of handmade carpets, producing three quarters of the world’s total output and having a share of 30% of world’s export markets. iran is also the maker of the largest handmade carpet in history, measuring 60,546 square feet (equal to over 5600 square meters).
main article: scandinavian rugs
scandinavian rugs are among the most popular of all weaves in modern design. preferred by influential modernist thinkers, designers, and advocates for a new aesthetic in the mid-twentieth century, scandinavian rugs have become very widespread in many different avenues of contemporary interior design. with a long history of adaptation and evolution, the tradition of scandinavian rug-making is among the most storied of all european rug-making traditions.
turkish carpets (also known as anatolian ), whether hand knotted or flat woven, are among the most well known and established hand crafted art works in the world. historically: religious, cultural, environmental, sociopolitical and socioeconomic conditions created widespread utilitarian need and have provided artistic inspiration among the many tribal peoples and ethnic groups in central asia and turkey. turks; nomadic or pastoral, agrarian or town dwellers, living in tents or in sumptuous houses in large cities, have protected themselves from the extremes of the cold weather by covering the floors, and sometimes walls and doorways, with carpets and rugs. the carpets are always hand made of wool or sometimes cotton, with occasional additions of silk. these carpets are natural barriers against the cold. turkish pile rugs and kilims are also frequently used as tent decorations, grain bags, camel and donkey bags, ground cushions, oven covers, sofa covers, bed and cushion covers, blankets, curtains, eating blankets, table top spreads, prayer rugs and for ceremonial occasions.
the oldest records of flat woven kilims come from çatalhöyük neolithic pottery, circa 7000 b.c. one of the oldest settlements ever to have been discovered, çatalhöyük is located south east of konya in the middle of the anatolian region. the excavations to date (only 3% of the town) not only found carbonized fabric but also fragments of kilims painted on the walls of some of the dwellings. the majority of them represent geometric and stylized forms that are similar or identical to other historical and contemporary designs.
the knotted rug is believed to have reached asia minor and the middle east with the expansion of various nomadic tribes peoples during the latter period of the great turkic migration of the 8th and 9th centuries. famously depicted in european paintings of the renaissance , beautiful anatolian rugs were often used from then until modern times, to indicate the high economic and social status of the owner.
women learn their weaving skills at an early age, taking months or even years to complete the beautiful pile rugs and flat woven kilims that were created for their use in every aspect of daily life. as is true in most weaving cultures, traditionally and nearly exclusively, it is women and girls who are both artisan and weaver.
türkmen carpet (also called “bukhara uzbekistan”) is a type of handmade floor-covering textile traditionally originating in central asia. it is useful to distinguish between the original turkmen tribal rugs and the rugs produced in large numbers for export in the 2000s, mainly in pakistan and iran. the original turkmen rugs were produced by the turkmen tribes who are the main ethnic group in turkmenistan and are also found in afghanistan and iran. they are used for various purposes, including tent rugs, door hangings and bags of various sizes.
oriental carpets in europe[ edit ]
oriental carpets began to appear in europe after the crusades in the 11th century, due to contact by crusaders with eastern traders. until the mid-18th century they were mostly used on walls and tables. except in royal or ecclesiastical settings they were considered too precious to cover the floor. starting in the 13th century oriental carpets begin to appear in paintings (notably from italy, flanders, england, france, and the netherlands). carpets of indo-persian design were introduced to europe via the dutch, british, and french east india companies of the 17th and 18th century and in the polish–lithuanian commonwealth by armenian merchants ( polish carpets or polonaise carpets).
although isolated instances of carpet production pre-date the muslim invasion of spain, the hispano-moresque examples are the earliest significant body of european-made carpets. documentary evidence shows production beginning in spain as early as the 10th century ad. the earliest extant spanish carpet, the so-called synagogue carpet in the museum of islamic art, berlin, is a unique survival dated to the 14th century. the earliest group of hispano-moresque carpets, admiral carpets (also known as armorial carpets ), has an all-over geometric, repeat pattern punctuated by blazons of noble, christian spanish families. the variety of this design was analyzed most thoroughly by may beattie. many of the 15th-century, spanish carpets rely heavily on designs originally developed on the anatolian peninsula. carpet production continued after the reconquest of spain and eventual expulsion of the muslim population in the 15th century. 16th-century renaissance spanish carpet design is a derivative of silk textile design. two of the most popular motifs are wreaths and pomegranates.
during the moorish (muslim) period production took place in alcaraz in the province of murcia, as well as being recorded in other towns. carpet production after the christian reconquest continued in alcaraz while cuenca , first recorded as a weaving centre in the 12th century, became increasingly important, and was dominant in the 17th and early 18th century. carpets of completely different french based designs began to be woven in a royal workshop, the royal tapestry factory (real fábrica de tapices de santa bárbara) in madrid in the 18th century. cuenca was closed down by the royal degree of carlos iv in the late 18th century to stop it competing with the new workshop. madrid continued as a weaving centre through to the 20th century, producing brightly coloured carpets most of whose designs are strongly influenced by french carpet design, and which are frequently signed (on occasions with the monogram md; also sometimes with the name stuyck) and dated in the outer stripe. after the spanish civil war general franco revived the carpet weaving industry in workshops named after him, weaving designs that are influenced by earlier spanish carpets, usually in a very limited range of colours.
main article: pirot carpet
pirot carpet [a] ( serbian : ???????? ?????, pirotski cilim) refers to a variety of flat tapestry-woven carpets or rugs traditionally produced in pirot , a town in southeastern serbia. pirot kilims with some 122 ornaments and 96 different types have been protected by geographical indication in 2002. they are one of the most important traditional handicrafts in serbia. in the late 19th century and up to the second world war, pirot kilims have been frequently used as insignia of serbian and yugoslav royalty. this tradition was revived in 2011 when pirot kilims were reintroduced for state ceremonies in serbia. carpet weaving in pirot dates back to the middle ages. [ full citation needed ] one of the first mentions of the pirot kilim in written sources date to 1565, when it was said that the šajkaši boats on the danube and drava were covered with pirot kilims. pirot was once the most important rug-making centre in the balkans. pirot is located on the historical main highway which linked central europe with constantinople.pirot was also known as sarköy in turkish. the pirot carpet varieties are also found in bulgaria and turkey, and in many other international collections. one of the chief qualities are the colour effects achieved through the choice and arrangement of colours.
in the beginning of the 19th century plant dyes were replaced by aniline colourings. “the best product of the country is the pirot carpet, worth about ten shillings a square metre. the designs are extremely pretty, and the rugs, without being so heavy as the persian, or so ragged and scant in the web and woof as caramanian, wear for ever. the manufacture of these is almost entirely confined to pirot. from pirots old turkish signification as sarköy stems the traditional trade name of the rugs as sarköy-kilims. stemming from the homonym to the today’s turkish settlement of sarköy in thracia, which had no established rug making tradition, sarköys are often falsely ascribed to originate from turkey. also in the rug selling industry, sarköy are mostly labeled as being of oriental or turkish origin as to easier sell them to non familiar customers as they prefer rug with putative oriental origin. in fact, sarköys have been established from the 17th century in the region of the western balkan or stara planina mountains in the towns of pirot, berkowiza, lom, chiprovtsi and samokow. later they have been also produced in knjaževac and caribrod.
main article: chiprovtsi carpet
the chiprovtsi carpet (???????? ?????) is a type of handmade carpet with two absolutely identical sides, part of bulgarian national heritage, traditions, arts and crafts. its name is derived from the town of chiprovtsi where their production started in the 17th century. the carpet weaving industry played a key role in the revival of chiprovtsi in the 1720s after the devastation of the failed 1688 chiprovtsi uprising against ottoman rule. the western traveller ami boué , who visited chiprovtsi in 1836–1838, reported that “mainly young girls, under shelters or in corridors, engage in carpet weaving. they earn only five francs a month and the payment was even lower before”. by 1868, the annual production of carpets in chiprovtsi had surpassed 14,000 square metres. [ full citation needed ] in 1896, almost 1,400 women from chiprovtsi and the region were engaged in carpet weaving. in 1920, the locals founded the manual labour carpet-weaving cooperative society, the first of its kind in the country. [ full citation needed ] at present. the carpet (kilim) industry remains dominant in the town. carpets have been crafted according to traditional designs, but in recent years it is up to the customers to decide the pattern of the carpet they have ordered. the production of a single 3 by 4 m (9.8 by 13.1 ft) carpet takes about 50 days; primarily women engage in carpet weaving. work is entirely manual and all used materials are natural; the primary material is wool, coloured using plant or mineral dyes. the local carpets have been prized at exhibitions in london , paris , liège and brussels. in recent decades, however, the chiprovtsi carpet industry has been in decline as it had lost its firm foreign markets. as a result, the town and the municipality have been experiencing a demographic crisis.
main article: savonnerie manufactory
in 1608 henry iv initiated the french production of “turkish style” carpets under the direction of pierre dupont. this production was soon moved to the savonnerie factory in chaillot just west of paris. the earliest, well-known group produced by the savonnerie, then under the direction of simon lourdet , are the carpets that were produced in the early years of louis xiv ‘s reign. they are densely ornamented with flowers, sometimes in vases or baskets, against dark blue or brown grounds in deep borders. the designs are based on netherlandish and flemish textiles and paintings. the most famous savonnerie carpets are the series made for the grande galerie and the galerie d’apollon in the palais du louvre between c. 1665-1685. these 105 masterpieces, made under the artistic direction of charles le brun , were never installed, as louis xiv moved the court to versailles in 1688. their design combines rich acanthus leaves, architectural framing, and mythological scenes (inspired by cesare ripa ‘s iconologie) with emblems of louis xiv’s royal power.
is the best-known of the mid-eighteenth-century carpet designers. his many surviving works and drawings display graceful rococo s-scrolls, central rosettes, shells, acanthus leaves, and floral swags. the savonnerie manufactory was moved to the gobelins in paris in 1826. the beauvais manufactory, better known for their tapestry , also made knotted pile carpets from 1780 to 1792. carpet production in small, privately owned workshops in the town of aubusson began in 1743. carpets produced in france employ the symmetrical knot.
england[ edit ]
knotted pile carpet weaving technology probably came to england in the early 16th century with flemish calvinists fleeing religious persecution. because many of these weavers settled in south-eastern england in norwich the 14 extant 16th and 17th century carpets are sometimes referred to as “norwich carpets.” these works are either adaptations of anatolian or indo-persian designs or employ elizabethan-jacobean scrolling vines and blossoms. all but one are dated or bear a coat of arms. like the french, english weavers used the symmetrical knot. there are documented and surviving examples of carpets from three 18th-century manufactories: exeter (1756–1761, owned by claude passavant , 3 extant carpets), moorfields (1752–1806, owned by thomas moore, 5 extant carpets), and axminster (1755–1835, owned by thomas whitty , numerous extant carpets). exeter and moorfields were both staffed with renegade weavers from the french savonnerie and, therefore, employ the weaving structure of that factory and perrot-inspired designs. neoclassical designer robert adam supplied designs for both moorfields and axminster carpets based on roman floor mosaics and coffered ceilings. some of the most well-known rugs of his design were made for syon house , osterley house , harewood house , saltram house , and newby hall.
axminster carpet was a unique floor covering made originally in a factory founded at axminster, devon, england, in 1755 by the cloth weaver thomas whitty. resembling somewhat the savonnerie carpets produced in france, axminster carpets were symmetrically knotted by hand in wool on woolen warps and had a weft of flax or hemp. like the french carpets, they often featured renaissance architectural or floral patterns; others mimicked oriental patterns. similar carpets were produced at the same time in exeter and in the moorfields section of london and, shortly before, at fulham in middlesex. the whitty factory closed in 1835 with the advent of machine-made carpeting. the name axminster, however, survived as a generic term for machine-made carpets whose pile is produced by techniques similar to those used in making velvet or chenille.
axminster carpet has three main types of broadloom carpet construction in use today (machine woven, tufted & hand knotted). machine woven carpet is an investment that will last 20 or 30 years and woven axminster and wilton carpets are still extremely popular in areas where longevity and design flexibility are a big part of the purchasing decision. hotels and leisure venues almost always choose these types and many homes use woven axminsters as design statements.
machine-woven carpets like axminster and wilton are made by massive looms that weave together ‘bobbins’ of carpet yarn and backing. the finished result, which can be intricately patterned, creates a floor that provides supreme underfoot luxury with high performance. tufted carpets are also popular in the home. they are relatively speedy to make – a pre-woven backing has yarns tufted into it. needles push the yarn through the backing and which is then held in place with underlying “loopers”. tufted carpets can be twist pile, velvet, or loop pile. twist pile carpets are produced when one or more fibres are twisted in the tufting process, so that in the finished carpet they appear to be bound together. velvet pile carpets tend to have a shorter pile and a tighter construction, giving the finished article a smooth, velvety appearance. loop pile carpets are renowned for being hard wearing and lend carpets great texture. the traditional domain of rugs from far away continents, hand knotted squares and rugs use the expertise of weavers to produce work of the finest quality. traditional rugs often feature a deliberate ‘mistake’ on behalf of the weaver to guarantee their authenticity.
six of axminster carpets are known as the “lansdowne” group. these have a tripartite design with reeded circles and baskets of flowers in the central panel flanked by diamond lozenges in the side panels. axminster rococo designs often have a brown ground and include birds copied from popular, contemporary engravings. even now a large percentage of the 55,000 population town still seek employment in this industry. the town of wilton, wiltshire is also known for its carpet weaving, which dates back to the 18th century.
the brussels loom was introduced into england towards the middle of the eighteenth century marked the beginning of a new era in carpet-weaving. it was the first loom on which a pile carpet could be woven mechanically, the pile consisting of rows of loops, formed over wires inserted weftwise during weaving and subsequently withdrawn. brussels was the first type of carpet to be woven in a loom incorporating the jacquard pattern selecting mechanism and in 1849 power was applied to the loom by biglow in the u.s.a.
later when bladed wires were developed the pile loops were severed on withdrawal of the blade wires to produce a carpet known as wilton, after this development the loom became known as the wilton loom, and in modern usage the designation wilton applies to both cut-pile and loop-pile carpets made in this loom. the latter now variously described as brussels-wilton, round wire wilton, loop-pile wilton, and round wired jacquard. the methods of manufacture, including the principles of designing, preparatory processes, and weaving, are the same in most respects for both brussels and wilton qualities. the chief difference between them is that whereas brussels loop-pile is secured satisfactorily by the insertion of two picks of weft to each wire (2-shot), the wilton cut-pile is woven more often with three picks of weft to each wire (3-shot) to ensure that the tufts are firmly secured in the carpet backing.
brussels carpets have a smooth slightly ribbed surface and their patterning is well defined, a characteristic feature of the carpet. closeness of pile rather than height contributes to their neat appearance and hard wearing properties, although they do not simulate the luxury of cut-pile carpets. brussels wilton carpets were initially produced on 27-inch (3/4) looms and were sewn together by hand. the looms could incorporate up to 5 frames all with different colours thus enabling figured or pattern carpets to be manufactured. with judicial and very skilful planting of colours in the frames the number of colours could be increased to about twenty, thus enabling very complex designs to be produced. due to the additional costs in labour these carpets were normally only produced for the bespoke market.
after the first world war the carpets started to be produced for the general market using popular designs and colourways but they always remained at the luxury end of the general market. the growing middle class of the twentieth century aspired to acquire a wilton carpet for their ‘best’ room. despite the impact of industrialization, the areas where brussels wilton carpets were produced remained centred mainly in the midlands around the towns of wilton and kidderminster and in west yorkshire where the firm of john crossley and sons in halifax became synonymous with carpet manufacture. there were smaller areas of manufacture in scotland and durham. with the development of different manufacturing methods and looms capable of the mass production of carpets, the public began change their décor, including carpets, on a regular basis, which increased the demand for carpets. the last quarter of the 20th century saw the rapid decline of the labour-intensive brussels wilton carpets. very few of the original ¾ wilton looms still exist and the few that do are either in museums or used by small manufacturers that continue to produce custom made luxury carpets for the elite and to replace carpets in historic buildings in the uk and abroad.
modern carpeting and installation[ edit ]
carpet is commonly made in widths of 12 feet (3.7 m) and 15 feet (4.6 m) in the us, 4 m and 5 m in europe. where necessary different widths can be seamed together with a seaming iron and seam tape (formerly it was sewn together) and it is fixed to a floor over a cushioned underlay (pad) using nails, tack strips (known in the uk as gripper rods), adhesives, or occasionally decorative metal stair rods , thus distinguishing it from rugs or mats , which are loose-laid floor coverings. for environmental reasons, the use of wool, natural bindings, natural padding, and formaldehyde-free glues is becoming more common. these options are almost always at a premium cost.
in the uk, some carpets are still manufactured for yachts, hotels, pubs and clubs in a narrow width of 27 inches (0.69 m) and then sewn to size. carpeting which covers an entire room area is loosely referred to as ‘wall-to-wall’, but carpet can be installed over any portion thereof with use of appropriate transition moldings where the carpet meets other types of floor coverings. carpeting is more than just a single item; it is, in fact, a system comprising the carpet itself, the carpet backing (often made of latex), the cushioning underlay, and a method of installation.
carpet tiles are also available, typically 50 centimetres (20 in) square. these are usually only used in commercial settings and are affixed using a special pressure-sensitive glue, which holds them into place while allowing easy removal (in an office environment, for example) or to allow rearrangement in order to spread wear.
“carpet binding” is a term used for any material being applied to the edge of a carpet to make a rug. carpet binding is usually cotton or nylon, but also comes in many other materials such as leather. non-synthetic binding is frequently used with bamboo, grass and wool rugs, but is often used with carpet made from other materials.
in culture and figurative expressions[ edit ]
there are many stories about magic carpets , legendary flying carpets that can be used to transport people who are on it instantaneously or quickly to their destination. disney’s aladdin depicts a magic carpet found by aladdin and abu in the cave of wonders while trying to find genie’s lamp. aladdin and jasmine ride on him to go on a ride around the world. the term “[m]agic carpet [is] first attested [in] 1816. from the 16th century to the 19th century, the term “carpet” was used “…as an adjective often with a tinge of contempt, when used of men (as in carpet-knight, 1570s)”, which meant a man who was associated with “…luxury, ladies’ boudoirs, and drawing rooms”. rolling out the red carpet is an expression which means to welcome a guest lavishly and handsomely. in some cases, an actual red carpet is used for vips and celebrities to walk on, such as at the cannes film festival and when foreign dignitaries are welcomed to a country.
in 1820s british servant slang, to “carpet” someone means to call them for a reprimand. to be called on the carpet means to be summoned for a serious reason, typically a scolding reprimand; this usage dates from 1900. a stronger variant of this expression, to be “hauled on the carpet”, implies an even sterner reprimand. carpet bombing is a type of bombing from airplanes which developed in the 20th century in which an entire city is bombed (rather than precise strikes on military targets). the slang expression “laugh at the carpet” means to vomit on the floor (especially a carpeted floor). the expression “on the carpet” refers to a matter which is under discussion or consideration. the term “carpet muncher” is a derogatory slang term for a lesbian ; this expression is first attested in 1992.
the term carpet bag , which literally refers to a suitcase made from a piece of carpet, is used in several figurative contexts. the term gained a popular usage after the american civil war to refer to carpetbaggers , northerners who moved to the south after the war, especially during the reconstruction era (1865–1877). carpetbaggers allegedly politically manipulated and controlled former confederate states for financial and power gains. in modern usage in the u.s., the term is sometimes used derisively to refer to a politician who runs for public office in an area where he or she does not have deep community ties, or has lived only for a short time. in the united kingdom, the term was adopted to refer informally to those who join a mutual organization , such as a building society , in order to force it to demutualize , that is, to convert into a joint stock company , solely for personal financial gain.
cutting the rug is a slang term for dancing which originated in 1942. the use of the term “rug” as an informal term for a ” toupee ” (man’s wig ) is theater slang from 1940. the term “sweep [something] under the rug” or “sweep [something] under the carpet” figuratively refers to situations where a person or organization is hiding something embarrassing or negative; this use was first recorded in 1953. the figurative expression “pull the rug out from under (someone)”, meaning to “suddenly deprive of important support” is first attested to in 1936, in american english. a related figurative expression used centuries earlier was “cut the grass under (one’s) feet”, which is attested to in the 1580s. a “rugrat” or “rug-rat” is a slang term for a baby or child, first attested in 1968. the expression “snug as a bug in a rug” means
“wrapped up tight, warm, and comfortable”. to “lie like a rug” means “to tell lies shamelessly”. the expression “pull the rug out (from under someone)” means “to make someone or someone’s plans fall through” or “to upset someone’s plans”.
QUICKLY FIND YOUR PERFECT LAMINATE
At united carpets & beds we offer an extensive range of quality carpets at competitive prices. with a vast selection of intriguing designs, modern styles and indulgent colour options to choose from, you will easily find the perfect carpet to suit your needs. we have a large collection of stylish hardwearing berbers to sumptuous saxonies and trendy twists available, so you will be spoilt for choice. we also offer a free sampling service, of up to four samples, to help you make that all important decision.
Explore quick-step’s comprehensive collection of laminate, luxury vinyl and hardwood floors. use the filters to find floors based on specific colours, wood species, dimensions or any other characteristic. not sure where to start? try our floorexporer to find out which floors best match your needs and style.
Multipanel offers the widest range of domestic vinyl flooring for your bathroom, kitchen and wetroom. quieter and warmer underfoot than ceramics, laminates and wood, multipanel is easier to clean and has a tough protective layer for extra durability.
our click and stick range are the simplest way to achieve striking wood and tile effects without specialist fitting and difficult gluing techniques. they require no adhesive as the tiles and planks stick or click to each other and not the floor, meaning they can be repositioned for the perfect fit.
our wetflor™ vinyl wetroom floors offer resilience in busy family homes and can be installed in a fraction of the time it takes to tile out a wetroom. as it is slip resistant it is perfect for families with young kids or those who require extra accessibility, providing the perfect foundation for your multipanel wetroom.
can’t decide? use our visualiser to see what you can achieve.
Explore the stunning tapi collection >
tapi carpets is a new type of carpet company. we’re a family business that’s growing fast. and we’re growing because we think and operate like a family, with one, single-minded vision: to make the process of choosing, buying and fitting your perfect carpet, an absolute joy. let us help you find your perfect carpet today.
soft, cut pile with a soft underfoot feeling. saxony carpet is fantastic as a bedroom carpet
loop pile carpets are durable and hard-wearing, making them perfect for a family home
twisted fibres that give a textured look and feel, twist carpets combine style with practicality
Flooring SuperStore – The UK’s Leading Flooring Specialist
Russwood timber flooring is produced to deutsches institut für bautechnik (dibt) standards, germany’s technical authority for production and construction techniques. from shaping the raw material using specialist weinig planers and moulders, to oiling the boards with osmo polyx® hardwax-oil ; only industry-leading components are used throughout the floorboard manufacturing process. this translates into unparalleled levels of quality which premium russwood timber floors are renowned for.
Balterio Laminate Flooring – Quality Laminate at Low Prices
We like to keep our feet on the ground at selco, that’s why we offer a huge choice of tiles and wood flooring at genuine trade prices. our wood flooring is available in a selection of laminated, engineered and solid wood from leading brands such as elka, deckfon and kronospan. all are available in a multitude of finishes including oiled or brushed oak, ash or walnut, to name just a few.
we even stock a selection of chip board and loft boards, if you’re looking for the quick fix on a loft project.
we have a multitude of tiles available in all shapes and sizes, meaning you have the hard decision, choosing what you want. our tiles come in a range of styles and patterns, with a selection of ceramic, porcelain or stone materials to choose from.
so if you’re tiling your bathroom or laying a hallway you’ll never be short of ideas on how to finish your floors or walls with a huge selection of finishes, styles and materials to choose from. we even offer a whole host of other flooring and tiling accessories such as underlay from sika, adhesives by evo-stik, and grouts by dunlop and sealocrete.
selco is your local all-trade flooring merchant. with over 15,000 trade products in stock at low trade prices, there’s no reason to visit any other builders’ merchant. and if you can’t fit all your flooring supplies in your van we’ll even deliver them for you. that’s the selco service guarantee.